Biological membranes and transport pdf
File Name: biological membranes and transport .zip
- Unit: Membranes and transport
- Biological Membranes and Membrane Transport Processes
- An Introduction to Biological Membranes
Unit: Membranes and transport
If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Please consult the latest official manual style if you have any questions regarding the format accuracy. High-Yield Terms Lipid bilayer: a thin polar membrane made of 2 layers of lipid molecules.
Integral membrane protein: a protein molecule that is permanently attached to the biological membrane. Peripheral membrane protein: a protein that adheres only temporarily to the biological membrane with which it is associated. Endoplasmic reticulum ER : the ER functions as a packaging system working in concert with the Golgi apparatus, to create a network of membranes found throughout the whole cell. Golgi apparatus: the Golgi apparatus packages proteins inside the cell before they are sent to their destination; it is particularly important in the processing of proteins for secretion.
Apical membrane: the layer of plasma membrane on the side toward the lumen of the epithelial cells. Basolateral membrane: the fraction of the plasma membrane at the basolateral side of the cell which faces adjacent cells and the underlying connective tissue. Gap junctions: intercellular channels designed for intercellular communication.
Tight junctions: barriers that regulate the movement of solutes and water between various epithelial layers. Antiporter: protein or complex that couples the transport of 2 compounds across a membrane in opposite directions.
Uniporter: protein or complex that transports 1 molecule of solute at a time down the solute gradient. Symporter: protein or complex that couples the transport of 2 compounds across a membrane in the same direction.
Aquaporins: membrane water channels that facilitate rapid, highly selective water transport. SLC family transporters: solute carrier transporters that include transporters that function by secondary active transport and facilitative diffusion. High-Yield Concept The lipids that make up the components of membranes are of three major classes: glycerophospholipids, sphingolipids, and cholesterol.
Biological membranes are composed of lipid, protein, and carbohydrate that exist in a fluid state. Biological membranes are the structures that define and control the composition of the space that they enclose.
All membranes exist as dynamic structures whose composition changes throughout the life of a cell. In addition to the outer membrane that results in the formation of a typical cell this membrane is often referred to as the plasma membrane , cells contain intracellular membranes that serve distinct functions in the formation of the various intracellular organelles, for example, the nucleus and the mitochondria. Sphingolipids and glycerophospholipids constitute the largest percentage of the lipid weight of biological membranes.
The hydrocarbon tails of these two classes of lipid result in steric limitations to their packing such that they will form disk-like micelles. The structure of these micelles results from the interactions of the hydrophobic tails of the lipids Forgot Password? Otherwise it is hidden from view. Forgot Username?
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Previous Chapter. Next Chapter. In: King MW. King M. Michael W. McGraw-Hill; Accessed March 09, APA Citation Biological membranes and membrane transport. King MW. Download citation file: RIS Zotero. Reference Manager. Search Textbook Autosuggest Results. Sign In. Username Error: Please enter User Name. Password Error: Please enter Password. Access My Subscription. Best Value. View All Subscription Options.
Biological Membranes and Membrane Transport Processes
Biological membranes allow life as we know it to exist. They form cells and enable separation between the inside and outside of an organism, controlling by means of their selective permeability which substances enter and leave. By allowing gradients of ions to be created across them, membranes also enable living organisms to generate energy. In addition, they control the flow of messages between cells by sending, receiving and processing information in the form of chemical and electrical signals. This essay summarizes the structure and function of membranes and the proteins within them, and describes their role in trafficking and transport, and their involvement in health and disease. Techniques for studying membranes are also discussed. Biological membranes consist of a double sheet known as a bilayer of lipid molecules.
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membranes define boundary of cell and regulate transport across that membrane The biological membranes contain both lipids and proteins. These are first.
An Introduction to Biological Membranes
Biological membranes are composed of lipid, protein and carbohydrate that exist in a fluid state. Biological membranes are the structures that define and control the composition of the space that they enclose. All membranes exist as dynamic structures whose composition changes throughout the life of a cell. In addition to the outer membrane that results in the formation of a typical cell this membrane is often referred to as the plasma membrane , cells contain intracellular membranes that serve distinct functions in the formation of the various intracellular organelles, e.
Offering cohesive, foundational information, this publication is valuable for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and membranologists who seek a broad overview of membrane science. Graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and researchers in biology, cell biology, biochemistry, and biophysics. Stillwell was a faculty member at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis for 32 years where he taught a senior level course in Biological Chemistry and a graduate level course in Biological Membranes.