Intensive science and virtual philosophy pdf

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intensive science and virtual philosophy pdf

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First published 10 years ago, Manuel DeLanda's Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy rapidly established itself as a landmark text in contemporary continental thought. DeLanda here draws on the realist philosophy of Gilles Deleuze to the domain of philosophy of science. As well as contemporary philosophical insights, the book also tackles new developments in geometry, complexity theory and chaos theory to bring new insights to our understanding of a scientific knowledge liberated from traditional ideas of essence.

DeLanda: Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy, Chapter 1 Part 3

Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy cuts to the heart of the ph osophy of Gilles Deleuze and of todays science wars. Th e ser ies aims to pr esent work which is both theoreti cally inn ovativ e and challenging, while retaining a com mitme nt to rigour and clarity, and to the power and precision of thought. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be repr odu ced 4 Virtuality and th e Laws o f Physics or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including phot ocopying, recordin g or any informati on storage or retri eval system, without permi ssion in writin g from the publishers.

Appendix: Deleuze's Words ISBN 0 - - 7 hardback 0 -8 - paper back. Th ere arc always dan gers in writing it book with a specific a ud il' lK t' in mind. The most obvio us o ne is the danger o f mi ssing th e targt'l audit-nee co m plete ly I eithe r becau se th e subj ect matter fails to gr. Th en th ere is th e asso ciated d anger o f Iw,ing read ers wh o , had not that particular target been chose n, would IM H ' formed th e real audien ce o r the book.

In th e world o r W estern philosophy. Such a da nger is evi de n t in a hoo k like this, w hich attempts to present t he wor k or t he philosopher Gi lles Dclcu zc to an aud ience or analytical p hiloso phers of scien ce , and of scie ntis ts interested ill philosoph ical que stions.

W hen co nfro nte d wit h Dcleuze' s original te xts thi s audience is bo und to be puzzled , and may even be repelled by tIH. Alt hough as I arglH. Another so urce of difficulty is th e phil o sophical resources whi ch Dcl cu zc brings to his project. Despite th e fact that authors like Spin oza and Leibniz, Nietzsche and Bergson. I " I 1,,11 1" 01 "It,. JIl ' H ohl " t IIII'll Hricllv, , th is sll"wthi,,' th at th ey arc robust to changes in th eore tical assum p tio ns and st rategi's.

Thus, J 'le uze's proc 'ss o nto log, h n '"k of those conclus ions is th ereby stre ngthe ne d. T he ex te nt to w hic h philosophical ideas. Inst ead, I focu s on a particular ye t fundam ental he indc d depri ves non -r ealist s fro m thi s casy wa y o ut dcp mds, o n lh , asp ect of his w ork: his ontoloBY' A philosopher ' s o nto logy is th e set o the r hand, o n th e d et ails o f his account of how th e mt it ies th.

Although in th e history cnt, Fo r thi s r eason I will not be co nce rned in thi s recon struction with of philosophy th ere ar e a great vari ety of ontologi cal co m m it me nts, th e textual so urce o f Del cuze 's ideas, nor with his sty le o f argumenta- we can very roughl y classify th ese into three main groups.

For so me tion o r his usc o f language. In sho r t , I will not be co nce rned w ith phil osophers reality has no ex istence ind ependently from th e human De lcuze. Cha pte r I introdu cs th e e ntities , wh ether th ese are thought as transcendent obj ect s o r , on th e forma l idea s needed to think about th e abstract o r rather virtual co nt rary , as linguisti c representati on s o r soci al co nventio ns.

Other struc t ure o f dynamical processes. I draw on th e same mathemat ical philosophers g rant to th e o bjects of every day expe rience a mind - resources as Del eu ze different ial ge o met ry , g ro up th eory but , unlike ind ependent existe nce, but remain unconvinced that th eoretical ent it - him , I do not assume th e reader is already familiar with th ese field s, ies, whether unobservabl e relations such as ph ysical causes, o r Deleuzes grasp of th e technical details inv olv ed is, I hope to show, unobservable e nt ities suc h as el ectrons, possess suc h an ontological co m ple tely ad equate b y anal yti cal philosophy st andards , but his autonomy.

Finall y, th ere are phil osophers who g rant reality full discu ssion of t echnical detail s is so co m pressed, and assumes so much auton omy from th e human mind, disr egarding th e diffe ren ce between o n th e part of th e read er , that it is bound to be mi sinterpreted.

These phil osophers are said to have a realist ontol - subject, guidi ng th e reader step by ste p th ou gh th e different math - 0BY. Del cuzc is suc h a reali st ph ilosopher , a fact that by itself sho uld e mat ical idea s in vol ved m an ifo lds , transfo rmati on gro ups , vec to r distinguish him fro m most post -m od ern phil osophies wh ich remain field s and giving exam ples o f th e application of th ese abstract ideas to basicall y non-reali st.

Despite my e fforts Reali st philosophers, on th e other hand , need not agree ab out th e at unpacking as much as possibl e th e contents of Deleuzes highl y co nte nts of thi s mind-independent reality. In particular, Deleuze rejects co m pressed description s, however, th e subject matter remains t echni - several of th e e nt it ies tak en for gra nted in o rdinary for ms of realism. I recommend To tak e th e m ost o bv io us exam ple, in so me realist approaches th e th at suc h readers skip this first chapte r and, if need be, co me back to.

It I Tl u- h'l. One wa " to think about. In ot her words, I wi ll. T he de tails o f th e process of th,lt there are true se- n te nces ex prl. Dcleuze rep laces the False gen C'sis impo rt ant and rel evant from th ose th at arc not. Importance anJ relevance, implied by th ese pre-existing forms w hich remain th e same for all time , not truth , arc th e key co nce pts in Dcl euzc 's l' pistc mo log ".

He realism be ing to gro und th ese co nce pts preventing th em from hdug co nce ives differen ce not negathoely, as lack of resemblance. This po int can po sitiv ely or productively, as that which drives a dynamical process.

In thi s case a relation o f co rrespo nde nce is post ulated 10 e xist scie ntific explanatio n of th e genesis of the fo nn o f inorganic cry sta ls, between the sta tes of a physical o bjec t and th e solut ions to mathematical o r o f the form s of orga nic plants and animals. Chapter 2 is concerne d models capt uring t he essenc e of t hat ohje ct. By contrast , Dcl cuve w ith th e spatial aspects of thi s inte nsive ge nesis w hile Chap ter 3 deals st ress es t hc ro le of co r rectly posed problems, rather than the ir true with its temporal aspec ts.

To anticipate th e main co nclusion o f the th e classes o f entities populating reality and , on th e o the r , a ser ies of chapte r , while in an axi omatic episte mo logy one st re sses the roll' o f sen te nces e x p rl. If one assumes that a class o f entit ies qeneral la ws, in a probl ematic on e laws as suc h disappear but without is defin ed by the esse nce wh ich its members share in co m mon , it sac rificing th e obj ectivity o f physical knowled ge , an obj ectivity now becomes relatively simple to co nclude t hat th ese classes are basically ca ptu re d by distribution s o f th e singular and th e ordinal.

If such a given, and that the ' exhaust all t here is to know about th e world. The co nclusio n can ind eed be made plausibl e , it fo llows that d espite the ontological assumption that t he wo rld is basically closed , t hat entirely fact that l re construct Dcl cuze to cater to an aud ienc e of scienti sts and novel classes of e ntities cannot emerge spontaneously, may no w he analyti cal phil o soph ers of scie nce , nothing is yielded to the ort hodox.

Deleuzian phil osophers , as well as thinkers and artists of different kinds who are interested in th e philosophy o f Dcl eu ze. First of all, th ere is much more to Dcl cu ze 's books than just an ontology of processes and an epistem o logy of prob lems. He mad e co ntr ibutio ns to suc h diverse subjec ts as the nature of cinema, painting and literatu re, and he held very specific views on th e nat ure and genes is of subjectivity and language.

For better or for worse , these are th e subjec ts that have capture d th e attention of most re aders of Del eu ze , so it will co me as a surprise th at I will have nothing to say about th em. Ne vertheless , if I manage to reconst ruct Dcleuze 's world th ese other subjec ts sho uld be illuminated as well , at least indircctl y: on ce we understand Dcl euze ' s world we will be in a better position to und erstand wh at co uld cine ma , lang uage or subjectivity be in that world.

On th e othe r hand, if th is re constructi on is to be faithful to Dclcu ze 's world it is clear th at I mu st rel y on an ad equat e intcrprc ta - tion of his wo rds. Therc is a cer tain violen ce whi ch Deleu zes texts mu st endure in order to be recon struct ed for an aud ience th ey were no t int ended fo r , so wh en ev er I break with his o w n way of presenting an idea I ex plain in det ail th e degr ee of rupture and th e reason for it in a footnot e.

A different kind of violence is invol ved in wren chin g his ideas from his coll aboration with Feli x Guattari. In this reconstructi on I use Dc! For thi s reason I always ascribe the. T his on cept mak es its appearance in his early book s and remains one of central im po rta nce, with almost un chan ged meanin g and func tio n, until his lina l work.

In thi s chapte r I will discuss th e techni cal backgr ound need ed to define thi s important conce pt bu t some preliminary informal remarks will prove help ful in sett ing th e stage for th e formal discu ssion. In the first place , one may ask w hat ro le th e co nce pt of a multiplicit y is suppose d to play and th e answer would be a re place me nt for th e mu ch o lder phil osophical co ncept of an essence.

T he es ence of a thing is th at wh ich ex plains its identity, that is, th ose funda me ntal traits witho ut whi ch an object wo uld not be w hat it is. If suc h an esse nce is share d by man y objects , then possession o f a co m mo n esse nce would also explain th e fact that these objec ts resemble each othe r and, ind eed, that they form a distinct natura l kind of things.

Let 's take one of th e most trad ition al illu strati on s of an esse nce. When one asks w hat makes o meone a member of the human speci es the answer may be , fo r example, be ing a 'rational an imal'. The exact defi nitio n of th e human essence is not what is at issue here if rat ion ality and animal it y ar e not co nsidered to be essential hum an pr op erties so me othe r set will do.

T he imp ortant point is that there be some set of defining char acte rist ics, and that thi s set explain bo th the identity of the human species and th e fact th at particul ar memb ers of the species resemble eac h ot her. In a Dcl euzian ontology, o n the othe r hand , a species or any other natural kind is not defined by its. P" t u-. Hl ttunl 01 Il III tl"h. HI ,lIHllll1 end ur ing identity of th e speck-s itself guar. In sho rt , whil e an tr. This translation sche me, in sho rt , allowed th e co m hi also typically so defined.

In eac h of these cases we wo uld need to natorial resources of algebra to be brought to hear on the so lution of rep lace timel ess cate go rics by historical proccsses. And when accounting for th ese bei ng the differential and int egral calculus. In its o riginal application co m mon features we may be tempted to reintroduce esse nce s through the calculus was used to solve problems involving relations between th e back door.

T hese would not be essences of object s or kind s of th e changes of two Of more quantities. In particular, if the se rel ations obj ects, hut essences of pro cesses, yet essences nevertheless. For And it is because of th e ten acity of thi s circle that the concept of exam ple , if th e changing quantities were spatial position and tim e , o ne multiplicity mu st be so care fully co nstruc ted , justif 'ing each ste p in co uld find instantaneou s values for th e rate of change of o ne relat ive th e co nstruc tion by the wa ' it avoids the pitfalls of esse ntialism.

T o to th e other , that is, for velocity. Using this idea as a resource in anti cipate th e co ncl usion I will reach after a lon g and techn ical geome try involved th e realization th at a geom etrical o bject , a curve d definitional journey: multiplicities speci fy th e structu re c! I will begin by defining an appropriate its curvcrure change d between different points.

Using th e tools of the notion of 'space ' , a notion whi ch must not he purely geo metr ical hut calculus m athematicians could now find ' instantaneo us' values for this also capable of bein g linked to qu estions of process. Rut Gau ss realized th at the calculus , focu sing as it d o c s t'S'it'; ln' ,lilt!. With local mformatio n , allowed the stud , of th e sur face without anI A multiplicity, o n th e other hand , 'h owever man y dinu -nsion Basically , Gauss d eveloped a method Ii.

This alon e mak es it natural and immanent. Ga uss had ta ck led th e two -d imensiona l case between th e geometric properties of manifolds and the pro pcrt h-s so one would have ex pecte d his disci ple to t reat the next case, three- whi ch d efine morphogenetic processes.

The resou rces in this case co me d im en sional curved surfaces. Instead, Riem an n wen t on to successfully from th e theory of dynamical systems wh ere the di mensions of a attack a m uch mo re ge ne ra l problem: that of N -d ime nsional su rfaces manifold ar c used to represent pr op erties of a particul ar phys ical o r spaces.

It is these N-d ime ns iona l curved struct ures , defined excl u- process or system, w hile t he ma nifold itsel f beco mes [he space if pOSSible sively th ro ugh the ir int rin sic feat ur es, th at w ere o riginally referred to states w hich t he ph ysical system ca n have. When o ne atte m pts to m od el th e dynam - d imen sion s, spaces w hich could be st ud ied w ith ou t th e need to embe d ical be haviou r o f a particular physica l o bject say , th e dy na mica l th em intu a high er-di m en sion al N't- L spa ce.

As Morris Kline p uts it : behaviour of a pendul u m or a bicycle , to stick to relatively sim ple ' T he geometry of space o lTe re d by Riemann was no t just an extension cases t he first step is to determi ne th e n um ber of relevant wap in of Gauss 's d ifTerentia l geomet ry. It reconsid ered the whol e approach whi ch suc h an ob ject can change these are known as an object 's deqtees to thc st udy of space.

A pendulum , for instance , can change on ly in its o the rs, co mpletely alter th e way phy sicists approached th e qu estion o f position and moment um, so it has two de gr ees of fre edom. A spa ce o r more exactly, of spacetime. Il ,lIIl t 1i.

Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy

Sign up for Not School and get in it. Deleuze, according to DeLanda, provides us with a genuinely post-Einstenian approach to physics. He goes beyond giving a solution in the form of an axiomatic approach to physics and looks instead for a new formulation of the problem. The problematic approach "rejects the idea that fundamental laws express general truths and views them instead as posing correct problems" IS, p. DeLanda translates Deleuze's ideas into contemporary scientific and mathematical theory, showing how relevant Deleuze's thought is regarding chaos and complexity theory, emergence, non-linear science, etc. Linear causality renders a system unproblematic, whearas "nonlinear and statistical causality re-problematize material systems, showing them capable of self-organization and self-assembly, with many things left unexplained in the effect after the mere citation of an external cause. We have learned from QM [Quantum Mechanics] that every dynamical object has quantum properties, which can be captured by appropriately formulating its dynamical theory withing the general scheme of QM.

DeLanda’s Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy Not School Group

Sign in Create an account. Syntax Advanced Search. Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy. Manuel de Landa. Continuum

He is a lecturer in architecture at the Princeton University School of Architecture and the University of Pennsylvania School of Design , where he teaches courses on the philosophy of urban history and the dynamics of cities as historical actors with an emphasis on the importance of self-organization and material culture in the understanding of a city. DeLanda also teaches architectural theory as an adjunct professor of architecture and urban design at the Pratt Institute and serves as the Gilles Deleuze Chair and Professor of Philosophy at the European Graduate School. DeLanda was previously a visiting professor at the University of Southern California School of Architecture, where he taught an intensive two-week course in the spring term on self-organization and urbanity; adjunct associate professor at the Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation from to ; and adjunct professor at Cooper Union 's Irwin S. Chanin School of Architecture. After moving to New York, DeLanda created several experimental films between and , some as part of an undergraduate coursework at the School of Visual Arts.

Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy cuts to the heart of the ph osophy of Gilles Deleuze and of todays science wars. Th e ser ies aims to pr esent work which is both theoreti cally inn ovativ e and challenging, while retaining a com mitme nt to rigour and clarity, and to the power and precision of thought. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be repr odu ced 4 Virtuality and th e Laws o f Physics or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including phot ocopying, recordin g or any informati on storage or retri eval system, without permi ssion in writin g from the publishers.

Table of contents

The structure of the book is simple, with four chapters devoted to mathematics, space, time, and physics, respectively. Quarrels over Deleuzian terminology are banished to a very helpful appendix DeLanda has certainly rendered this territory more palpable to the analytically oriented. DeLanda is and has been for many years one of the best explicators of Deleuze Manuel DeLanda is a distinguished writer, artist and philosopher. He began his career in experimental film, later becoming a computer artist and programmer.

Theorists have devoted more interest to questions of "the virtual" recently. This is due, in part, to growing familiarity with the scientific concepts necessary to its interrogation, as well as the philosophical writings of Gilles Deleuze and those of philosophers he has resurrected, such as Spinoza and Bergson. But this interest is also the result of growing dissatisfaction with current theoretical approaches that rely on "top-down" methods unable to effectively account for the emergence or mutation of systems. Manuel DeLanda, for instance, has referred in his writing to oversimplifications that attribute causes to posited systems such as "late capitalism" without describing the causal interaction of their parts, which would change in different contexts. In his introduction to Parables for the Virtual , Brian Massumi argues that cultural theory's over-reliance on ideological accounts of subject-formation and coding has resulted in "gridlock," as the processes that produce subjects disappear in critiques that position bodies on a grid of oppositions male-female, gay-straight, etc.

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