India latest achievements in science and technology pdf
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Site Navigation. Here, in no particular order, are the biggest advances of the year. Proton spin is the property that makes MRI scans possible, but its origin is a perplexing puzzle. These counterintuitive findings offer fresh insight into the quantum complexity within the proton. Scientists, engineers, and technicians at Brookhaven Lab finished constructing the 3.
India ranks third among the most attractive investment destinations for technology transactions in the world. Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Department of Science and Technology, has reiterated that technology is a strong priority area for the Government, and it aims to make people science centric. Modern India has had a strong focus on science and technology, realising that it is a key element for economic growth. India is among the topmost countries in the world in the field of scientific research, positioned as one of the top five nations in the field for space exploration. India is likely to take a leading role in launching satellites for the SAARC nations, generating revenue by offering its space facilities for use to other countries.
Noting that scientific and technological progress has become one of the most important factors in the development of human society,. Taking into consideration that, while scientific and technological developments provide ever increasing opportunities to better the conditions of life of peoples and nations, in a number of instances they can give rise to social problems, as well as threaten the human rights and fundamental freedoms of the individual,. Noting with concern that scientific and technological achievements can be used to intensify the arms race, suppress national liberation movements and deprive individuals and peoples of their human rights and fundamental freedoms,. Also noting with concern that scientific and technological achievements can entail dangers for the civil and political rights of the individual or of the group and for human dignity,. Noting the urgent need to make full use of scientific and technological developments for the welfare of man and to neutralize the present and possible future harmful consequences of certain scientific and technological achievements,.
India is a land where numerous brilliant brains have made contribution in the field of science and technology and enhanced its position around the globe. India has the second largest group of scientists and engineers in the world. In the context of technological advancements and scientific achievements, Indian scientists have developed several projects and augment the life of world populace. India belongs to the select group of countries who have developed indigenous nuclear technology. India is among the few countries which have developed ballistic missiles. India's achievements in the field of IT and software are recognized all over the world. Scientific research conducted in India by Indian citizens have transformed the way the world works, from healing and eradicating lethal diseases to understanding the world.
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On June 30, , China built its first heavy water reactor and cyclotron, which symbolized that China had entered the atomic age. The reactor generated 7,, kw of thermal power, and the cyclotron accelerated alpha particles, producing 25 million electron volt power. At the same time, China also built a high pressure electrostatic accelerator which accelerates protons to produce 2. On September 27, China produced the first radioisotope with the atomic reactor. The neutron introduced from the atomic reactor, two kinds of rays, and the particles produced from the accelerator with a speed of 3, km per second were used in physical research on the atomic nucleus, which marked an important stage in China's atomic science development and the peaceful utility of the atomic energy. In December , a high-flux atomic reactor was built, symbolizing that China had entered the world's advanced level in the field of nuclear science. The high-flux reactor produces thousand billion neutrons per square centimeter space per second.
After independence, Jawaharlal Nehru initiated reforms to promote higher education and science and technology in India. Beginning in the s, close ties with the Soviet Union enabled the Indian Space Research Organisation to rapidly develop the Indian space program and advance nuclear power in India even after the first nuclear test explosion by India on 18 May at Pokhran. However, according to former Indian science and technology minister Kapil Sibal , India is lagging in science and technology compared to developed countries. While India has increased its output of scientific papers fourfold between and overtaking Russia and France in absolute number of papers per year, that rate has been exceeded by China and Brazil; Indian papers generate fewer cites than average, and relative to its population it has few scientists. India aimed "to convert India's economy into that of a modern state and to fit her into the nuclear age and do it quickly.
in various spheres of science and technology over the years indigenous technologies and focus on latest of India's achievements in the areas of satellite.
Science and Technology Development in India
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. India has sustained both population growth and economic growth during the past 10 years, enhancing its domestic purchasing power and standard of living. Its legal and financial systems are strong. The democratic government is highly bureaucratic, and new governments are formed about every five years.