Chemotherapy and side effects pdf
File Name: chemotherapy and side effects .zip
- Chemotherapy: oral side effects and dental interventions -a review of the literature
- Adverse Effects of Cancer Chemotherapy: Anything New to Improve Tolerance and Reduce Sequelae?
- Above all, we make a difference.
- Chemotherapy Side Effects
Chemotherapy: oral side effects and dental interventions -a review of the literature
Chemotherapy side effects are often reported in clinical trials; however, there is little evidence about their incidence in routine clinical care. The objective of this study was to describe the frequency and severity of patient-reported chemotherapy side effects in routine care across treatment centres in Australia. We conducted a prospective cohort study of individuals with breast, lung or colorectal cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Side effects were identified by patient self-report. The frequency, prevalence and incidence rates of side effects were calculated by cancer type and grade, and cumulative incidence curves for each side effect computed. Frequencies of side effects were compared between demographic subgroups using chi-squared statistics. Side effect data were available for eligible individuals, who had a median follow-up of 5.
Adverse Effects of Cancer Chemotherapy: Anything New to Improve Tolerance and Reduce Sequelae?
Chemotherapy often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs chemotherapeutic agents as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen. Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent which almost always involves combinations of drugs , or it may aim to prolong life or to reduce symptoms palliative chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is one of the major categories of the medical discipline specifically devoted to pharmacotherapy for cancer , which is called medical oncology. The term chemotherapy has come to connote non-specific usage of intracellular poisons to inhibit mitosis cell division or induce DNA damage , which is why inhibition of DNA repair can augment chemotherapy. The development of therapies with specific molecular or genetic targets, which inhibit growth-promoting signals from classic endocrine hormones primarily estrogens for breast cancer and androgens for prostate cancer are now called hormonal therapies. By contrast, other inhibitions of growth-signals like those associated with receptor tyrosine kinases are referred to as targeted therapy.
Why does chemo cause side effects? Cancer cells tend to grow fast, and chemo drugs kill fast-growing cells. But because these drugs travel.
Above all, we make a difference.
Some of the most common and well-known short-term side effects of chemotherapy are hair loss , nausea and vomiting. It may be helpful to download and print Susan G. There are other Questions to Ask Your Doctor resources on many different breast cancer topics you may wish to download.
The side-effects and long-term sequelae of anti-cancer chemotherapy remain a major source of concern for both patients and clinicians despite the improved efficacy and enhanced survival offered by modern treatments. Current drugs or other approaches to counteract chemotherapy-induced adverse effects are often incompletely effective, frequently do not address potential longer-term sequelae or may even induce other side-effects which only add to patient discomfort. New approaches to improve tolerance and reduce sequelae of cancer chemotherapy are urgently needed and the present Research Topic focuses on this issue and highlights several areas of progress.
Chemotherapy or chemo is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy works by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells, which grow and divide quickly. Healthy cells can also be affected by chemotherapy treatments. Damage to healthy cells may cause side effects.
Normally, your cells grow and die in a controlled way. Cancer cells keep growing without control.
Chemotherapy Side Effects
Cancer treatments may have many side effects. A side effect occurs when treatment damages healthy cells. Side effects can be different for each person, and for different medicines and kinds of treatment. They may be able to help you manage them external icon in a variety of ways.
Correspondence Address: Dr. E-mail: dandrea dent. He participated in more than 50 published manuscripts, more than presentations and serves as invited reviewer in more than 15 journals. This is an open access article licensed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.
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