Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage pdf
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- Types of Irrigation Systems Study Notes for Civil Engineering
- Irrigation types (Government Source)
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Irrigation is the backbone of agriculture as water is the most important component required in the cultivation of crops. Read the article to know about the types of irrigation in India. Now that we are aware of the concept of irrigation, let us study the types of irrigation techniques used in our country. The main sources of irrigation are wells, tube-wells, rivers, ponds, lakes, dams, and canals. Surface irrigation is the oldest form of irrigation techniques. In this technique, water is applied and distributed over the surface of soil by gravity, i.
The practice includes growing up of crops and for this, there is always a need for abundant water for irrigation purpose. Irrigation is a process of arrangement of the artificial application of water to the field land or soil. Simply put, irrigation is a basic infrastructure and an essential input required for agriculture. Moreover, the country uses times more water than major agricultural countries such as China, Brazil, and the USA to produce one unit of food crop. In , there were around five million wells and now, their number has been increased to about 12 million. Tube wells: Tube wells are deeper well from which water is lifted through pumping set operated by an electric motor or a diesel engine. Irrigation through tanks offers a host of benefits such as providing drinking water for rural communities and livestock, replenishing groundwater levels, conserving top-soil and others.
You can do it if you have local traditional knowledge. This method can utilize rainwater and is a nature-friendly system. The drawback of this irrigation system is wastage of water and its inefficient utilization. The information provided should not be used as a substitute for professional services. Basin irrigation also requires leveled land and not suitable for all types of soil. For thousands of years, people are practicing this irrigation process. Types of Surface Irrigation Systems Surface irrigation systems can be classified into three major types: basin, border, and furrow systems.
Types of Irrigation Systems Study Notes for Civil Engineering
Major aim of irrigation systems is to help out in the growing of agricultural crops and vegetation by maintaining with the minimum amount of water required, maintenance of landscapes and re-vegetation of disturbed soils. Irrigation systems are also used for dust repression, removal of sewage, and in mining. On the contrary, agriculture that relies only on direct rainfall is referred to as rain-fed or dry-land farming. In India, the irrigated area consists of about 36 percent of the net sown area. There are various techniques of irrigation practices in different parts of India.
Agriculture is the nerve of any country as it is needed for survival of living beings. For growing crops, irrigation is major process. Irrigation is described as the artificial application of water to the land or soil. It is the substitute or supplement of rainwater with another source of water. It is used in dry areas and during periods of insufficient rainfall. It is considered as basic infrastructure and vital input required for agricultural production Mamata Swain, Major aim of irrigation systems is to help out in the growing of agricultural crops and vegetation by maintaining with the minimum amount of water required, maintenance of landscapes, and re-vegetation of disturbed soils.
Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems. There are two main ways that farmers and ranchers use agricultural water to cultivate crops:. Rain-fed farming Irrigation Rain-fed farming is the natural application of water to the soil through direct rainfall. Relying on rainfall is less likely to result in contamination of food products but is open to water shortages when rainfall is reduced. On the other hand, artificial applications of water increase the risk of contamination.
Irrigation types (Government Source)
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