History of education pre vedic and post vedic period pdf
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- History of Ancient India: Complete Study Material
- Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India
- Education during Vedic Period in India
We notice a significant transition from Rig-Veda or early Vedic society to that of later Vedic age. Both Vedic literature and archaeological sources provide sufficient material to reconstruct the history and culture of the people of the post-Vedic period. The literary evidences relate primarily to the territories of the upper and middle Ganga basin and somewhat peripherally to other region too. The archaeological spade found the existence of agricultural communities in the same geographical region; roughly corresponding to the same time span.
History of Ancient India: Complete Study Material
Heads up! This topic needs your attention, as the topic is very vast and you will always find surprising question based on this unit. The history of education in ancient India is fascinating and is recorded and can be tracked to the ancient era.
Education in ancient India began around the 3rd century B. C with elements of religious training and impart of traditional knowledge. Sages and scholars imparted education orally. Palm leaves and barks of trees were used for writing. In ancient India, both formal and informal ways of education system existed. Indigenous education was imparted at home, in temples, pathshalas, tols, chatuspadis and gurukuls.
There were people in homes, villages and temples who guided young children in imbibing pious ways of life. Temples were also the centres of learning and took interest in the promotion of knowledge of our ancient system. Students went to viharas and universities for higher knowledge. Teaching was largely oral and students remembered and meditated upon what was taught in the class. Ancient Indian Education had been evolved strictly on the foundations of Indian epistemological and philosophical traditions.
The idea of the ephemerality of life and the world, the concept of ultimate death and the futility of mundane pleasures had provided them with a special angle of vision. The entire educational tradition originated in these 4 principles.
Thus, ancient Indian educational system was developed in terms of the needs of the individual and that of the society and therefore, its efflorescence was natural. It had a definite ideal and a definite mission. The ancient educational centers, situated amidst fauna and flora and beauties of nature were the perennial and inexhaustible fountainheads of Indian civilization and culture.
A study of these Vedas will enable one to get a thorough knowledge not only of the philosophy of life but also of the whole fabric of ancient Indian culture. Consequently, the entire literature and philosophy of India,.
The Vedas occupy a very important place in the Indian life. The 6 basis of Indian culture lies in the Vedas, which are four in number Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda. In ancient times, Takshashila was a noted centre of learning, including religious teachings of Buddhism, for several centuries. It continued to attract students from around the world until its destruction in the 5th century CE.
Its fame rested on the University, where Chanakya is said to have composed his Arthashastra. Archaeologist Alexander Cunningham discovered its ruins in the midth century. It was an early Buddhist centre of learning. In the province of Bihar, situated at a distance of 40 miles southwest of modern Patna and seven miles north of Rajgriha, Nalanda was a famous cultural and educational center of Northern India.
The university was established in the 5th century CE. The Vihara of Vikramshila was established by the famous Emperor Dharampala of Pal dynasty in the 8th century in Northern Magadh at a beautiful hill on the bank of the river Ganges. In the Upanishadic age Mithila became a prominent seat of Brahmanical system of education. It was named as Videha.
Raja Janak used to hold religious conferences, wherein learned Rishis and pandits took part in religious discussions. Nadia was formerly called Navadweep. It is situated at the confluence of Ganga and Jalangi rivers in Bengal. It was the center of trade and commerce as well as learning and culture. The study of the Education system in Vedic period and Brahmanical Educational system makes it clear that in those days the residence of the teachers Gurus were the educational institutions called Gurukulas.
There the teacher and the taught lived together as the members of the single family. In Ancient India, in Vedic and Buddhist periods, well organized educational institutions like that of modern age had not come into being. In those days, some monasteries and huge sacred places had been established.
It is said that the learned persons from different places used to assemble there and debates. Most of the universities are seen to have ended around 12th century. The destruction of these centers and other places across northern India was responsible for the loss of ancient Indian knowledge. Notable Content — eacharya-documents. Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India-[Updated]. Value education and environmental education New Topic. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
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Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India
Starting in about BCE, various writing systems developed in ancient civilizations around the world. One hieroglyphic script was used on stone monuments,  other cursive scripts were used for writing in ink on papyrus ,  a flexible, paper-like material, made from the stems of reeds that grow in marshes and beside rivers such as the River Nile. The Phoenician writing system was adapted from the Proto-Canaanite script in around the 11th century BC, which in turn borrowed ideas from Egyptian hieroglyphics. This script was adapted by the Greeks. A variant of the early Greek alphabet gave rise to the Etruscan alphabet , and its own descendants, such as the Latin alphabet. Other descendants from the Greek alphabet include the Cyrillic script , used to write Russian , among others.
In addition to the archaeological legacy discussed above, there remains from this period the earliest literary record of Indian culture, the Vedas. Composed in archaic, or Vedic, Sanskrit, generally dated between and bce , and transmitted orally, the Vedas comprise four major texts—the Rig-, the Sama-, the Yajur-, and the Atharvaveda. Of these, the Rigveda is believed to be the earliest. Theories concerning the origins of the Aryans, whose language is also called Aryan , relate to the question of what has been called the Indo-European homeland. In the 17th and 18th centuries ce , European scholars who first studied Sanskrit were struck by the similarity in its syntax and vocabulary to Greek and Latin. This resulted in the theory that there had been a common ancestry for these and other related languages, which came to be called the Indo-European group of languages.
Vedic religion , also called Vedism , the religion of the ancient Indo-European-speaking peoples who entered India about bce from the region of present-day Iran. It takes its name from the collections of sacred texts known as the Vedas. Vedism is the oldest stratum of religious activity in India for which there exist written materials. It was one of the major traditions that shaped Hinduism. Knowledge of Vedic religion is derived from surviving texts and also from certain rites that continue to be observed within the framework of modern Hinduism.
history more by religious than by political, or economic influences. The The basic aim of education during the Later-Vedic period has been the same as during the prior to receiving education was called upon to prove that he was peaceful.
Education during Vedic Period in India
Heads up! This topic needs your attention, as the topic is very vast and you will always find surprising question based on this unit. The history of education in ancient India is fascinating and is recorded and can be tracked to the ancient era. Education in ancient India began around the 3rd century B.
After reading this article you will learn about the Education during Vedic Period in India:- 1. Introduction to Vedic Period in India 2. System of Admission during Vedic Period in India 3. Aims of Education 4. Curriculum 5.