Strunk and whites elements of style pdf
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The Elements of Style is an American English writing style guide in numerous editions. The original was composed by William Strunk Jr. White greatly enlarged and revised the book for publication by Macmillan in Harcourt republished it in page format in Tenney later revised it for publication as The Elements and Practice of Composition In the style guide reached the attention of E. White at The New Yorker. White had studied writing under Strunk in but had since forgotten "the little book" that he described as a "forty-three-page summation of the case for cleanliness, accuracy, and brevity in the use of English".
Weeks later, White wrote a feature story about Strunk's devotion to lucid English prose. Macmillan and Company subsequently commissioned White to revise The Elements for a edition Strunk had died in More than ten million copies of three editions were later sold. Maira Kalman, who provided the illustrations for The Elements of Style Illustrated , see below , asked Nico Muhly to compose a cantata based on the book.
Audiobook versions of The Elements now feature changed wording, citing "gender issues" with the original. Strunk concentrated on the cultivation of good writing and composition; the original edition exhorted writers to "omit needless words", use the active voice , and employ parallelism appropriately.
The edition features White's expansions of preliminary sections, the "Introduction" essay derived from his magazine feature story about Prof. Strunk , and the concluding chapter, "An Approach to Style", a broader, prescriptive guide to writing in English. He also produced the second and third editions of The Elements of Style , by which time the book's length had extended to 85 pages.
The third edition of The Elements of Style features 54 points: a list of common word-usage errors; 11 rules of punctuation and grammar; 11 principles of writing; 11 matters of form; and, in Chapter V, 21 reminders for better style. The final reminder, the 21st, "Prefer the standard to the offbeat", is thematically integral to the subject of The Elements of Style , yet does stand as a discrete essay about writing lucid prose.
Vigorous writing is concise. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences, for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts. This requires not that the writer make all his sentences short, or that he avoid all detail and treat his subjects only in outline, but that he make every word tell.
Strunk Jr. The fourth edition of The Elements of Style , published 54 years after Strunk's death, omits his stylistic advice about masculine pronouns: "unless the antecedent is or must be feminine". Components new to the fourth edition include a foreword by Roger Angell , stepson of E. White, an afterword by the American cultural commentator Charles Osgood , a glossary, and an index. Five years later, the fourth edition text was re-published as The Elements of Style Illustrated , with illustrations by the designer Maira Kalman.
This edition excludes the afterword by Osgood and restores the first edition chapter on spelling. The Elements of Style was listed as one of the best and most influential books written in English since by Time in its list. If you have any young friends who aspire to become writers, the second-greatest favor you can do them is to present them with copies of The Elements of Style. The book's toxic mix of purism, atavism, and personal eccentricity is not underpinned by a proper grounding in English grammar.
It is often so misguided that the authors appear not to notice their own egregious flouting of its own rules It's sad. Several generations of college students learned their grammar from the uninformed bossiness of Strunk and White , and the result is a nation of educated people who know they feel vaguely anxious and insecure whenever they write however or than me or was or which , but can't tell you why. Pullum has argued, for example, that the authors misunderstood what constitutes the passive voice , and he criticized their proscription of established and unproblematic English usages, such as the split infinitive and the use of which in a restrictive relative clause.
In On Writing , p. Of course, it's short; at eighty-five pages it's much shorter than this one. I'll tell you right now that every aspiring writer should read The Elements of Style. Rule 17 in the chapter titled Principles of Composition is 'Omit needless words. In , Tim Skern remarked perhaps equivocally that The Elements of Style "remains the best book available on writing good English".
Britt Peterson of the Boston Globe wrote that it was a "curious addition". In , the Open Syllabus Project  lists The Elements of Style as the most frequently assigned text in US academic syllabuses, based on an analysis of , texts appearing in over 1 million syllabuses.
Because the text of Strunk's original is now in the public domain and freely available on the Internet, publishers can and do reprint it in book form.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American English writing style guide. William Strunk Jr. White Dewey Decimal. Retrieved Time, Inc. April 17, The Chronicle of Higher Education.
Archived from the original on Boston: Allyn and Bacon. The New York Times. LearningNetwork: Teachers. NPR Books. Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra. Simply Media.
Gender issues, such as the exclusive use of "he", which was the standard in Strunk's day, have been changed to the modern usage of "his" or "her", "you", "they", or "the writer". SIU Press. The Elements of Style. White . Plain Label Books. See also gender-specific pronouns. See also "prescriptivist poppycock" tag : other postings on the subject by Pullum, Mark Liberman , and others. The Boston Globe. Writing Scientific English: A Workbook. UTB Vienna facultas. Boston Globe.
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[PDF] DOWNLOAD READ The Elements of Style Fourth Edition in format E-PUB
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The Elements of Style: Summary + PDF
Here, succinctly, elegantly and without fuss are the essentials of writing clear, correct English. William Strunk, Jr. The book was published in by Oliver Strunk.
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‘The Elements of Style’ Turns 50
Look Inside. This much-loved classic, now in its fourth edition, will forever be the go-to guide when in need of a hint to make a turn of phrase clearer or a reminder on how to enliven prose with the active voice. White I. Elementary Rules of Usage 1. In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last. Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas.
The Elements of Style is an American English writing style guide in numerous editions. The original was composed by William Strunk Jr. White greatly enlarged and revised the book for publication by Macmillan in Harcourt republished it in page format in Tenney later revised it for publication as The Elements and Practice of Composition
The Elements of Style is the most popular book on how to write properly. It covers all the bases and should provide the foundation for any writer out there P. So if you are serious about getting the most out of this book, you should consider getting the full version. These days many software designed to help you write better text will suggest you to pick the active voice instead of the passive one. I was so inspired, I really wrote that text in excellent form.