Legal technique and logic pdf philippines
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How to Argue Against Common Fallacies
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Classical Logic Traditional techniques, based on Aristotles works, for the analysis of deductive arguments. Modern Symbolic Logic Methods used by most deductive arguments. Probability The likelihood that some conclusion of an inductive argument is true. Sound An argument that is valid and has only true premises. Hypothetical or Conditional Proposition A type of compound proposition; It is false only when the antecedent is true and the consequent is false. Relations Between Truth and Validity: 1. Some valid arguments contain only true propositions true premises and a true conclusion.
View Syllabus Legal Technique & friendsofhiddenriver.org from PHILOSOPHY MISC at De La Salle University. LEGAL TECHNIQUE & LOGIC ATTY. VICTOR REYNALDO ANG.
Many legal scholars and practitioners have feared that to acknowledge that logic is central to law would risk a return to the rationalistic excesses of the formalistic jurisprudences that dominated nineteenth century legal thought. It was, after all, against that formalist tradition that Holmes wrote. And it was in spirited opposition to that tradition that members of the Legal Realist movement in America, as well as the Free Law movement in Europe, directed much of their energies early in the twentieth century. There is good reason to remain skeptical of overly rationalistic accounts of law and judicial practice.
An application of the theory of fuzzy sets to the mapping of gold mineralization potential in the Baguio gold mining district of the Philippines is described. Proximity to geological features is translated into fuzzy membership functions based upon qualitative and quantitative knowledge of spatial associations between known gold occurrences and geological features in the area. Fuzzy sets of favorable distances to geological features and favorable lithologic formations are combined using fuzzy logic as the inference engine. The data capture, map operations, and spatial data analyses are carried out using a geographic information system. The results are highly comparable with the results of previous stream-sediment geochemical survey in the area.
Case law is the collection of past legal decisions written by courts and similar tribunals in the course of deciding cases, in which the law was analyzed using these cases to resolve ambiguities for deciding current cases. These past decisions are called "case law", or precedent. Stare decisis —a Latin phrase meaning "let the decision stand"—is the principle by which judges are bound to such past decisions.