Site inventory and analysis pdf

Posted on Saturday, May 1, 2021 10:44:41 PM Posted by Marcus B. - 02.05.2021 and pdf, the pdf 5 Comments

site inventory and analysis pdf

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Understanding all the features of a site, using and protecting the best, and minimising the impact of the worst. Back to top.

Hydrology - Water movement on the site. Sensory Stimuli - Anything that stimulates the senses. Evapotranspiration - Vegetation pulling water up from the ground and evaporating it through its leaves, thus cooling the surrounding air. Prerequisite - Required beforehand. The building location on the site is basically established by one of two different view points.

Inventory and Analysis of the Landscape

Hydrology - Water movement on the site. Sensory Stimuli - Anything that stimulates the senses. Evapotranspiration - Vegetation pulling water up from the ground and evaporating it through its leaves, thus cooling the surrounding air. Prerequisite - Required beforehand. The building location on the site is basically established by one of two different view points.

In one, the building location is given by the client. In the second and most advantageous, the building site is revealed by a thorough site analysis.

A site analysis is the gateway to energy conscious design and environmental responsive architecture. Site analysis. Site analysis is a predesign research activity which focuses on existing and potential conditions on and around the building site.

It is an inventory of the site factors and forces, and how they coexist and interact. The purpose of the analysis is to provide thorough information about the site assets and liabilities prior to starting the design process. Only in this way can concepts be developed that incorporate meaningful responses to the external conditions of the site.

The typical site analysis includes the site location and size, neighborhood context, zoning, legal aspects, geology, physiography natural and man-made features , hydrology, soils, vegetation, wildlife, climate, culture, pedestrian and vehicular circulation, access, utilities, historic factors, density, sensory stimuli, and any other factor deemed appropriate for the particular site.

An understanding of these issues is important in designing a successful home that not only meets its internal responsibilities, but also relates well to its external environment. The home should last for many years, so the analysis of the site should take into account the site's existing and future problems and capabilities. The secret of using the site analysis is to design a good relationship between the building and the site itself.

The building design should be in harmony with those beneficial site conditions and strive to save, reinforce, amplify, and improve on what is existing. The analysis will identify those site conditions which may be altered, eliminated, covered up, disguised or reformed. Basically, take advantage of the good things nature has to offer and protect against the bad aspects of the site. It is important to make these decisions deliberately and thoughtfully so that the effects of the building on the site are deliberate rather than accidental or incidental.

All the factors needed for a complete site analysis can generally be categorized into aesthetic, cultural, and natural forces.

Aesthetics has to do with what the person who will live on the site thinks is beautiful the designer has the responsibility to educate the client to possibilities ; culture is the background of the people living in the area; and the natural factors are the background of the environmental elements. For the purpose of energy-efficient design, natural factors need to be investigated and understood. The natural factors which are most important for thermal comfort in this analysis can be listed under climate and microclimate.

Each specific site has its own unique climatic characteristics that need to be analyzed. The climatic aspects of the specific site or areas on the site are called the microclimate.

The specific characteristics of the site are analyzed only after one has a good understanding of the macroclimate and general climatic characteristics which give an overview of the climate for your region. For example, a windbreak that protects against the winter winds can change the microclimate of the site significantly See Figure 1. Figure 1. What is the purpose of a site analysis? What is included in a site analysis? Factors affecting the site are grouped into what three categories?

What do these three categories mean? What is microclimate? Besides studying natural elements in a microclimate study, what else must be considered? Climate Elements 1. The sun's movement on the site will be the same as that shown in the sun diagrams in "Appendix C". Existing elements natural or man-made on and around the site will have definite shading patterns. Understanding those patterns can help in determining the building location and configuration. For any given spot on the site, one can draw the existing elements on the sun graph grid provided in "Appendix C".

Just as the sun path was plotted by knowing the azimuth and altitude of the sun, existing site elements can also be drawn on the graph from any one spot on the site. The diagram now shows which locations on the site receive sunshine and shade.

These same diagrams can be used to determine shadow patterns to be drawn in plan. Wind at the site and at different locations on the site can vary from the general wind data given for your area. A better understanding can be obtained by testing a true scale model of the site and buildings in a wind tunnel. When wind testing is not feasible, the designer can understand wind direction and speed by using five basic principles of air movement: velocity, direction, pressure, density and the venturi effect.

First, as a result of the friction, air velocity is slower near the surface of the Earth. The cause of this reduction in velocity is the roughness of the ground, including contour changes and vegetation configuration. Ground wind velocities measured at the site are frequently much lower than those measured at the top of an airport tower. Likewise, exposed sites or buildings at altitudes higher than the airport tower are likely to experience much higher wind velocities. The second principle is that air tends to continue moving in the same direction when it encounters an obstruction.

As a result it tends to flow around objects like water flows around a rock in a stream, rather than reflecting off the objects. Third, air flows from high-pressure to low-pressure areas. For example, cross ventilation is created by a positive pressure being built up on the windward side of a structure and a negative pressure being created on the leeward side.

The fourth principle of air movement is convection, which involves the temperature and density of the air. For example, air flowing from a forested area to a meadow will tend to rise because air in the meadow is exposed to more solar radiation, making that air less warmer and dense See Figure 2. Figure 2. Air Convection And finally, when the air flow is channeled and restricted, the pressure rises and the velocity increases.

This is called the venturi effect See Figure 3. Figure 3. Venturi Effect By using these principles and understanding how air moves and acts similar to a fluid, like water, we can visualize wind patterns on different sites and in different conditions. The wind pattern near large bodies of water is generated by the heat gain, heat loss, and heat storage variations between land and water.

Water will have more stable temperatures. The wind is usually moving toward the land during the day when the land is heating up faster than the water and when the water is absorbing solar heat. At night the direction is reversed, with the breezes flowing from the land, as it cools, to the water, as it radiates stored heat to the night sky See Figure 4. Figure 4. In valleys, the wind moves uphill during the day as the sun warms the air, causing it to become less dense.

At night, air flows back down the valleys like a river, as it cools and becomes heavier. Pockets or lakes of this cool night air can be damned just as water can. This kind of wind pattern is similar to fog that forms in the cool air pockets of Louisiana See Figure 5.

Figure 5. One of the more important principles for ventilation in Louisiana is that high pressure and low pressure areas develop around an object that obstructs the path of air flow. Some of the aerodynamic principles that result are that the windward side usually creates a high pressure area as air stacks up and attempts to move around the object, creating a cavity of negative pressure low pressure area on the leeward side of the object. The velocity of air movement increases as it rushes around and over an object, and it can also create a dead air space on the leeward side of the object.

Sites located near large bodies of water or rivers tend to be more humid than inland areas. Wind direction also affects humidity. Downwind from the water is more humid than up wind. Vegetation will also increase moisture in the air. Water vapor is a gas that occupies the same space with other gases that together constitute air. But in some ways, water vapor acts independently of the air.

For any given temperature and degree of saturation, water vapor in the air exerts its own vapor pressure. It flows or migrates from areas of higher vapor pressure toward areas of lower vapor pressure in air or in materials.

Moisture, driven by vapor pressure, can even travel through porous materials through which air cannot pass. The microclimate temperatures of the site may be different from the general data collected at the airport and can vary significantly at the site.

Again, large bodies of water will tend to stabilize temperatures on the land adjacent to them. During a hard freeze in the False River area of Louisiana, most of the citrus trees within a quarter mile of the lake survived, while most of those outside that area did not.

Through evapotranspiration, trees and other vegetation cool the air around them. Sites with a more southern slope will be warmer than a flat site because radiation from the sun is more perpendicular to its surface. Likewise, a northern sloping site would not receive as much radiation and would therefore be cooler.

What is the advantage of knowing the sun's pattern at a given site? What are the five basic principles of air movement? What affects the level of air velocity? What happens when air encounters an obstruction? What causes air to move? In what direction does it move? What is convection? What is the venturi effect? With what can wind patterns be compared?

Site Inventory and Analysis for Water Wise Landscapes (experienced)

Advances in Landscape Architecture. Landscape planning is undergoing change due to new requirements. Its previous main task of controlling spatial uses and the development of nature and the landscape has extended. It is ideally suited, for example, as the basis of the Strategic Environmental Assessment or as an extensive information base for river basin planning covering all natural resources. In addition, landscape planning increasingly supports the tasks of providing members of the public with environmental information and their participation in sustainable local community and landscape planning Haaren, et al. Landscape planning can be better used as a versatilely usable information basis for overall spatial planning, impact mitigation regulation or environmental assessments if the information is presented according to the requirements of this planning and these instruments. Spatial planning has always been regarded as an activity that, in seeking solutions for a certain social problem, brings a change into the territory.

Site and Context - Inventory and Analysis. Provide background information on the environment in which you plan to design. Information to include: Physical.

Architecture Site Analysis Guide

This is our updated Oct , revised site analysis guide for architecture. You can download this as a handy pdf by clicking the link below. Click here to download! Prior to starting any design, your client will want to know whether construction on the site is viable.

A context-sensitive approach to sustainable planning and development helps to protect public health, safety, and welfare. By avoiding inherent site problems, or constraints, and by capitalizing on inherent site assets, or opportunities, site planners can limit long-term maintenance costs and, more important, reduce the risks to life and property from natural hazards. Qualified site planners and designers are vital to this process.

Why do you carry out an architectural site analysis?

The site inventory and analysis are steps in the design process used to assess existing conditions and determine how or if they will or should change. Avoid the temptation to start designing until these steps are completed. For the more experienced gardener, a thorough site inventory and analysis will provide a solid base for creating a more functional and beautiful landscape. A site inventory is simply a list of elements that currently exist on the property. Elements that exist on adjacent properties should also be considered if they impact the future design. The location of inventoried elements can be recorded on a base map or simple plot plan. Arrows and other symbols can be used to indicate elements such as views, wind, and sun.

 Как торговую марку? - Беккер смотрел на него изумленно. Парень был озадачен. - Для имени нужна торговая марка, а не патент. - А мне без разницы.  - Панк не понимал, к чему клонит Беккер. Пестрое сборище пьяных и накачавшихся наркотиками молодых людей разразилось истерическим хохотом.

Молоденькая, изысканной внешности, ну прямо сошла со страниц журнала Севентин. Довольно консервативные брюки в клетку, белая блузка без рукавов. В руке красная туристская сумка фирмы Л. Белл. Светлые волосы тщательно уложены.

Атакующие линии рвались вперед, они находились уже на волосок от пятой, и последней, стены, Последние минуты существования банка данных истекали. Сьюзан отгородилась от царившего вокруг хаоса, снова и снова перечитывая послание Танкадо. PRIME DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ELEMENTS RESPONSIBLE FOR HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI ГЛАВНАЯ РАЗНИЦА МЕЖДУ ЭЛЕМЕНТАМИ, ОТВЕТСТВЕННЫМИ ЗА ХИРОСИМУ И НАГАСАКИ - Это даже не вопрос! - крикнул Бринкерхофф.


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