Modern history of india and indian culture pdf
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In ancient times, people from all over the world were keen to come to India. The Persians followed by the Iranians and Parsis immigrated to India. Then came the Moghuls and they too settled down permanently in India. Chengis Khan, the Mongolian, invaded and looted India many times. Alexander the Great too, came to conquer India but went back after a battle with Porus.
History of India
In this Study Material we cater the requirements of not only the school going students but also for those who are pursuing their degree courses and even for those who are preparing for competitive examination. Modern History: British Paramountcy and Acts. Modern History: 18th Century Revolts and Reform. Modern History: Indian National Movement. Ancient India Study Material. Medieval India Study Material. If you like this Study Material Please share with your friends and feel free to share your feedback.
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History of Modern India: Complete Study Material
The history of independent India began when the country became an independent nation within the British Commonwealth on 15 August Direct administration by the British, which began in , affected a political and economic unification of the subcontinent. When British rule came to an end in , the subcontinent was partitioned along religious lines into two separate countries—India, with a majority of Hindus, and Pakistan, with a majority of Muslims. The partition led to a population transfer of more than 10 million people between India and Pakistan and the death of about one million people. Indian National Congress leader Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India , but the leader most associated with the independence struggle , Mahatma Gandhi , accepted no office. The Constitution adopted in made India a democratic country, and this democracy has been sustained since then.
India's history and culture is dynamic, spanning back to the beginning of human civilization. It begins with a mysterious culture along the Indus River and in farming communities in the southern lands of India. The history of India is punctuated by constant integration of migrating people with the diverse cultures that surround India. Available evidence suggests that the use of iron, copper and other metals was widely prevalent in the Indian sub-continent at a fairly early period, which is indicative of the progress that this part of the world had made. By the end of the fourth millennium BC, India had emerged as a region of highly developed civilization.
In this Study Material we cater the requirements of not only the school going students but also for those who are pursuing their degree courses and even for those who are preparing for competitive examination. Modern History: British Paramountcy and Acts. Modern History: 18th Century Revolts and Reform. Modern History: Indian National Movement. Ancient India Study Material. Medieval India Study Material.
History of India
Indian society is collectivistic and promotes social cohesion and interdependence. The traditional Indian joint family, which follows the same principles of collectivism, has proved itself to be an excellent resource for the care of the mentally ill. However, the society is changing with one of the most significant alterations being the disintegration of the joint family and the rise of nuclear and extended family system. Although even in today's changed scenario, the family forms a resource for mental health that the country cannot neglect, yet utilization of family in management of mental disorders is minimal.
In India today,with a growing economy due to liberalization and more consumption than ever in middle class life, food as something to be enjoyed and as part of Indian culture is a popular topic. From a s food economy verging on famine, India is now a society where food appears plentiful, and the aesthetic possibilities are staggering. Cooking shows that demonstrate culinary skills on television, often with celebrity chefs or unknown local housewives who may have won a competition, dominate daytime ratings. Local indigenous specialties and ways of cooking are the subjects of domestic and international tourism brochures. Metropolitan restaurants featuring international cuisines are filled with customers.
According to consensus in modern genetics anatomically modern humans first arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa between 73, and 55, years ago. Settled life, which involves the transition from foraging to farming and pastoralism, began in South Asia around 7, BCE. At the site of Mehrgarh , Balochistan , Pakistan , presence can be documented of the domestication of wheat and barley, rapidly followed by that of goats, sheep, and cattle. This civilisation flourished between 2, BCE and BCE in what today is Pakistan and north-western India, and was noted for its urban planning, baked brick houses, elaborate drainage, and water supply. In early second millennium BCE persistent drought caused the population of the Indus Valley to scatter from large urban centres to villages. Around the same time, Indo-Aryan tribes moved into the Punjab from regions further northwest in several waves of migration. The resulting Vedic period was marked by the composition of the Vedas , large collections of hymns of these tribes whose postulated religious culture, through synthesis with the preexisting religious cultures of the subcontinent, gave rise to Hinduism.